Longo, Luigi

   After serving as a soldier in World War I and studying engineering, Luigi Longo joined the Partito Socialista Italiano/Italian Socialist Party (PSI), where he worked on the party newspaper and took part in the Turin factory occupations of 1920. At the Livorno (Leghorn) Congress of the PSI in 1921, he supported the minority who wished the PSI to enter the Communist International on Lenin’s terms and who split away to form the Partito Comunista Italiano/Italian Communist Party (PCI). In 1922, Longo was one of the PCI’s delegates to the International’s Fourth Congress. Between 1923 and 1924, he was arrested twice but served less than a year in prison. In 1927, he escaped persecution by fleeing to France, where he lived until 1932, with the task of providing falsified documents to those who were to enter Italy to conduct antifascist activity. Between 1933 and 1935, he was sent to the USSR as a representative of the PCI. There, he became a member of the political committee of the Comintern.
   During the Spanish Civil War, Longo served in the Garibaldi Battalion and was the political commissar of the Second International Brigade, which had the distinction of inflicting a serious defeat on the Italian expeditionary force at Guadalajara. At the end of 1936, he became inspector general of the 50,000-man International Brigades and took part in the final defense of Madrid.
   In 1938, Longo was arrested in France and turned over to the Italian authorities, who imprisoned him for five years. Freed in September 1943, he directed the PCI’s partisan activity in Romeand was one of the leaders of the resistance against the Germans. For his efforts, he was awarded a Bronze Star by the U.S. government. Elected to the Constituent Assembly in 1946, he served in the first Parliament and was repeatedly reelected thereafter. For 10 years, beginning in 1956, he was joint editor (with Alessandro Natta) of the PCI’s main theoretical journal, Critica Marxista. A lifetime of party service led to his succeeding Palmiro Togliatti as party secretary in August 1964. During Longo’s tenure as leader, the PCI took its first tentative steps away from pro-Soviet orthodoxy by strongly criticizing the Russian suppression of the Prague Spring in 1968. Longo died in Rome in 1980.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Longo, Luigi — (1900–1980)    An important figure in the European communist movement, Longo helped to found the Italian Communist Party in 1921 and was party leader from 1964 to 1972. He fought in the Spanish Civil War with the international brigades, and led… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Longo, Luigi — ► (1900 80) Político italiano. Participó en la fundación del Partido Comunista en 1921 y fue inspector general de las Brigadas Internacionales en la Guerra Civil española (1936 39) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Luigi Longo — Sello soviético conmemorativo de Longo. Secretario General del Partido Comunista Italiano 1964 – 1972 Predecesor …   Wikipedia Español

  • Longo — longo, a (del lat. «longus», largo; ant.) adj. Largo. * * * longo1, ga. (Del lat. longus, largo). adj. p. us. luengo. || 2. f. Mús …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Luigi Longo — (sowjetische Briefmarke) Luigi Longo (* 15. März 1900 in Fubine Monferrato, Provinz Alessandria; † 16. Oktober 1980 in Rom), bekannt unter seinem Kampfnamen Gallo, war ein italienischer Politiker und Generalsekretär der PCI von 1964 bis 1972.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luigi Longo — (March 15 1900 mdash;October 16 1980), also known as Gallo, was an Italian communist politician and secretary of the Italian Communist Party from 1964 to 1972.Early lifeLuigi Longo was born in Fubine Monferrato (province of Alessandria, Piedmont) …   Wikipedia

  • Luigi Nono (compositeur) — Luigi Nono Luigi Nono (29 janvier 1924 8 mai 1990, Venise, Italie) était un compositeur italien de musique contemporaine. Maison natale de Luigi Nono – Zaterre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luigi nono (homonymie) —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différentes personnes partageant un même nom. Luigi Nono concerne 2 personnes : Luigi Nono, peintre, 1850 1915 Luigi Nono, compositeur, 1924 1990, petit fils du précédent …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Longo — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alessandro Longo (1864 1945), italienischer Komponist Andrea Longo (Leichtathlet) (* 1975), italienischer Leichtathlet Andrea Longo (Skisportler) (* 1971), italienischer Skisportler Bartolo Longo (1841… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Longo — may refer to:People* Alessandro Longo, an Italian composer and musicologist. * Antonio Longo * Bartolo Longo * Carlos Ortiz Longo * Gina Longo * Jeannie Longo, a female French racing cyclist. * Luigi Longo * Luigino Longo * Robert Longo * Thomas… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.